Making Halving Joints
Halving joints are one of the oldest and simplest woodworking techniques for creating strong clean joints. Halving joints can be used to create a variety of wood projects without using nails or other hardware.
Types of Halving Joints
There are several different types of halving joints.
• Dovetail halving joint
• Cross halving joint
• Corner halving joints
• T halving joint
• Scarf halving joint
Depending on your project, you may use one or all of the above types of joints.
Selecting a Chisel
Chisels come in a wide variety of sizes and styles to create perfect woodworking joints. The most commonly used chisels are sized 6mm and 18mm.
Types of chisels:
• Curved chisels
• Straight chisels
• Front bent chisels
• Beveled chisels
• Curved chisels
Using a Chisel
Using a hammer with a metal head can lead to mistakes and marring of the wood. A rubber mallet helps to add power to your gouging while protecting the wood.
Gluing and Grain
Glue along the grain of the wood. Gluing along the grain is essential to creating a secure bond for the halving joints.
Markup the Joint
Marking can be done with a pencil or utility knife depending on your preference.
A marking gauge should be used to ensure that all of your gouging depths are the same. This will ensure an even halving joint when the pieces of wood are joined.
Cutting the Joint
Each shoulder should be cut first using a saw to remove the majority of the wood marked for gouging. The chisel is then used to clean up the area for a stronger seal and joint.
Finishing the Joint
To finish the joint and prepare for assembly, use a low grit sand paper to smooth the surface. Remove all dust from the area to ensure proper adhesion of the glue and a firm seal between the pieces of wood. Join wood and hold in place with a clamp until glue dries.